Research process provides you the necessary foundations and skills in locating information to complete an effective research. There are a number of steps to follow, regardless of the topic. Develop the habit of going through these steps to tackle information problems anywhere and to learn about anything that interests you at any time in your life.
Research is the persevering, thorough study into a subject that requires time and effort on your part. It is a cyclical process that is presented as a step-by-step activity. It is usually associated with careful investigation of many different resource tools and visits to a library.
Conducting research is not a simple task, it cannot be done overnight. You should begin as soon as the project is assigned. Creating a realistic timeline will give you sense of direction to the entire process of research. This involves detailing all the tasks to be done and the time to be consumed in doing each particular task. This will allow you sufficient time to sort through the different resource tools or to consult with a librarian if assistance is needed. Check your timeline periodically to see if the tasks are being accomplished and make necessary adjustments throughout the progress of the research and its writing stages.
Select a topic of interest to you, or if the topic is assigned to you, seek out an aspect of the assigned topic that is of interest to you. Select an original topic. If you are having trouble choosing a topic, you can find suggestions in the variety of reference sources such as encyclopedias and bibliographies.
Try to find basic information on your topic. Using keywords developed in STEP 2, search information in:
In order to find the resources for your research topic, you will need to make use of a variety of research tools. When searching for information, be sure to keep a record of what research tools you search, and also the keywords or topic words you used in your search. In this way, you will avoid repetition.
In this step, you need to determine the relevancy of the sources you used which can help you decide as to what books and articles will best support your topic. A well-defined topic is important. You will eliminate a number of irrelevant materials by having a clear idea of what you need. Once you have a list of your sources, you will need to evaluate what you have found. There are five criteria you need to consider in evaluating information sources:
Sometimes answers to these questions are obvious. You can consult biographic indexes and dictionaries, book reviews, and other materials to assist you in evaluating your sources.
Now that you have compiled and evaluated the results obtained through various searches, you are ready to start writing your research paper. This final step in the research process is comprised of the actual drafting, writing and revising.
Whenever you are doing research you need to keep a record of all the materials you use. Write down the complete citation, including the author, title, publication, date, page numbers, and other information. Format the citations in your bibliography using examples from the American Psychological Association (APA) standards.
Research, like any other academic activity or proponent, is governed and guided by a number of policies and rules, particularly on the ethical issues. These guidelines protect the intellectual rights of the authors. Thus failure to comply with the rules set-forth in research would definitely result to violation.
The most common policy that is predicated on protecting the authors’ intellectual work/s is the copyright. The aforementioned rule is given to authors of any material that is usually related to mass communication, such as books, pamphlets, articles, among others. A violation of this law is often called infringement, and is usually fined by a relatively high amount of damages, plus other possible legal penalties.
Another form of violation is called plagiarism or the direct usage of a certain work/authorship by another person; as the one who copied the said work claims it to be his own. Thus, the researcher must always practice quoting the author of his borrowed material to avoid violation.
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